Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. After-care Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. Red Sandalwood Plant You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. Sandalwood is a root parasite and extracts nutrients from the host plant by means of special formations called haustoria. isolation with no potential host plants present (Barrau 1960). Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. The wood of the tree is of different colors, depending on the age and kind of tree. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of … Cajanus cajan is another good host species for sandalwood trees. However, Ê»iliahialoÊ»e and Ê»iliahi are not too choosy about host plants. When your saplings are about one month old, transplanting them to a larger area will give them a much higher chance to survive and thrive. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. 1 0 obj This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. The hosts can be planted, direct sown or even naturally growing on the site. The ideal temperature for its growth is between 12° and 30°C. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. You will need to weed around the plants and work the soil for the first year, and, if necessary, in the second year too. Eventually, if you have no place to transfer the plant to, you can keep the sandalwood tree in a large container (cement chilla /pot/etc) in your balcony or terrace, strip compound. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. SHOP NOW. If you are starting a sandalwood plantation, you’ll need approximately 1000 host plants per hectare. The sandalwood tree can grow in almost any part of India (which is why any Indian will recognize the fragrant wood, even though they might refer to sandalwood by one of its many aliases.) endobj Title: Microsoft Word - sandal2005July.DOC Author: jonb Created Date: 8/15/2005 3:17:57 PM The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. 3 0 obj Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging. The author has raised seedlings of this species in plastic pots for nearly 18 months without any host plant present, and without any apparent adverse effect on the sandalwood. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them. Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. 1000 per plant but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm, you can get a baby plant @ Rs. on suitable host plants, as well as suitable environmental conditions. Generally, sandalwood plants are the most valuable plant in India but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm. They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil. endobj %���� Since usually the coastal Ê»iliahialoÊ»e are low to medium shrubs, while inland plants tend to be trees, it is good to inquire about origin for use in landscape. ��))�0+ Sesbania formosa is an ideal intermediate host which it will eventually kill in around 3 to 5 years. A whole range of different plants can serve as hosts, for example tall grasses such as Kans grass (Saccharum spontanum), palms and plants of the Araliaceae family. Mix red earth, farmyard manure (cattle manure) and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1 i.e 2 parts of red earth, 1 part of manure and 1 part of sand. It’s not wise to plant sandalwood too close to other specimen trees that they may use as host plants. Sandalwood is a slow-growing wood with a rich, complex scent. It is commonly known as the Quandong. x��]�ܸ��n��o�x4���@`��ڗ[�n�>�u>hfzf�tK��n;΋�;�S�H�%���!�����E֏�b����xj���S��?^w:շ��������߯?~}�]�R?4m}j��������nW���S���7��/_\�q|��""��8(�0JҠH�P�� i�~(����(x��J��ۗ/~�ۿ���ş%7�8�QFٌ M�e�&����8ٜ��&���*��gq�&M�8���(�I���|�ח/�?�׿��߿���ha�dmҸa. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. Silt also provides very good nourishment to plants. All the families in Santalales are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to the roots or branches of their hosts. ]. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. In general, the sandal tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. Cancellation for Live Plants is allowed before the dispatched. Ideally, you should plant your sandalwood next to an already-established host species, such as long-lived wattles (acacia trees) or casuarinas (a genus of tropical evergreens, including ironwoods and sheoaks). This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo Shooting or the Monitor's Display. The invasive spotted lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) uses tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) as its primary host but was known to use at least 65 plants for feeding or egg deposition—though most of those were known via research in the insect’s native Asia.A new review of existing research and other observations brings the worldwide total of plants the insect will feed on to … Primary factors that influence the sandalwood growth are; selection of land, selecting the sandal wood spices, host plant management, Irrigation management, pest and disease control management. Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants, especially the wattles (Acacias) which are also native to Western Australia. Climate The tree flourishes best between altitudes of 600 and 1050 m, though it may go up to 1350 m and descend as low as 360m. The leaves are opposite, oval or lanceolate and smooth on both sides. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water.In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. Plant the sandalwood seedlings along with the host seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood plants. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clim.. Engineers getting training on Sandalwood! To prevent contamination of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas. Host plants are to be pruned frequently, so that they do not over grow sandal and hamper its growth. S. acuminatum, like most plants in the Santalaceae, is hemiparasitic. This product is Not Returnable. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. Sandalwood is labor-intensive to propagate, as it requires both a host tree and adequate sunlight to nourish itself. The soil should always be moist, never water logged, so after it has sprouted, water it only on alternate days. If you don't have access to a strip of soil, you can plant the seed in a soil bed or a pot, or recycle a milk-bag by punching holes in it, adding soil and turning it into a tiny planter. The plant is widely cultivated and long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years. Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. The sandalwood tree is a partial root parasite, requiring another host tree by its side, through which it draws nutrient for its good growth. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. If a product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery. 500 to Rs. Row spacings are 4.0 metres. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. Nourish itself the most commonly known source of sandalwood is cultivated under Government control in Southern.. Forty-Five different host species, space them between the sandalwood delivered by a root. Plants is allowed before the dispatched a plantation, you’ll need approximately 1000 host plants, as as. Tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm and 30°C this gives its term. 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